In its new strategy for agriculture SNV has committed to focus on Food Security and Nutrition. Within this focus two attention areas. Sustainable Food Production and Household Nutritional Security. Under the SNV’s Nutrition Sensitive Agriculture project, a field exercise was conducted from 17 to 19 November 2014 by Yim Soksophors and Saya Marta. Two PDA staffs worked with the project team to carry out this study, included making record of the interview with various respondents and direct field observation. The purpose of the nutrition mapping were: 1) To conduct nutrition mapping in the project’s target communes, 2) To reflect on the nutrition mapping tool. Two communes (Ta Suos and Daun Sa) of Svay Chrum district, Svay Rieng Province were selected for the study. Six peoples included 2 commune chiefs, 2 commune focal points responsible for women and children, 2 commune councillors responsible for agriculture were interviewed.
Summary findings are presented as follows: Nutrition
- Limited food diversity is big concern among women and children;
- Only 50% of food are self-produced from family agriculture production, this means that people need to buy another 50% of food from village food stores and district markets for their family consumption;
- Commune health centre plays important role in providing health services to people in the commune. It is also the place where people especially women access to nutrition / health information. It is to note that more women than men access to nutrition & health information;
- Same food are provided for children and adults, so there is no special nutritious food provided to children.
- Lack of labour, limited access to irrigation / water sources and limited agriculture extension. This limits capacity of the family to produce more food for self-consumption.
- More agricultural inputs (e.g. fertiliser, pesticide…) are used, but the yield that they get is low. For the instance, the average rice yield is 1.5t/ha to 2t/ha which is below the national average (3.3t/ha).
- Arable land is not an issue in the studied commune. This means that farmers have arable land for their farming, 0.5 to 1 ha per household on average.
- Commune focal points who are responsible for women and children play important role in gender and nutrition
- Men have more power than women in decision-making in the family because they are normally the breadwinners. But there is a good trend that men and women discuss and make decision together.
- More than 50% of the households in the studied communes used hygiene latrines, which is higher than the average percentage at provincial level. 65% and 85% of the total household in Ta Suos and Doun Sa commune use hygiene latrines.
- Cleaning hand is not frequently conducted. They sometimes clean their hands with water without using soaps.
- Plastic bag is a common issues
- Number of people who access to clean water has increased. More than 50% of the households in both studied communes should water filters.
Nutrition sensitive agriculture aims to maximize the impact of nutrition outcomes for the poor, while minimizing the unintended negative nutritional consequences of agricultural interventions and policies on the poor, especially women and young children. It is agriculture with a nutrition lens, and should not detract from the sector’s own goals. The agriculture sector is best placed to influence food production and the consumption of nutritious foods necessary for healthy and active lives (WB brief on Improving Nutrition through Agriculture and Rural Development, 2013).