SNV has been implementing a CSA Asia project to contribute to sustainable growth in income and employment and national food security by improving the climate change adaptation and mitigation capacities in key agricultural value chains in Bhutan, Cambodia, Lao and Nepal.

10-12 September 2014, Ms. Tshering Choden gender expert from Bhutan and Mr. Adrian Enright CSA Asia project manager conducted a mission support to CSA project in Cambodia. The purpose of this mission is to assess gender-related issues in the project’s areas and to make the CSA project more gender sensitive.

Meeting with vegetable producer group in Basak village, ©Sophors
Meeting with vegetable producer group in Basak village, ©Sophors

Challenges faced by the female-headed households; women’s participation in decision-making at the community (at village, commune, province, central levels) were gender related issues mentioned by commune councilor, village chief, farmer association leader and targeted beneficiaries during a field visit to Basak commune of Svay Chrum district, in Svay Rieng province.

Kim Saveun, leader of Basak farmer association said, “No women farmers’ groups/association leaders, if yes as secretaries”.

Poorer, lower income, food shortage; physical disabilities, which puts them at a greater risk compared to the male-headed households in terms of their coping mechanisms to adverse effects of climate change.

Discussing on wind pump operation ©Sophors
Discussing on wind pump use, @ Svay Rieng, Cambodia ©Sophors

The CSA project in Cambodia has carried out some interventions to address gender issues.

  1. Water pumps saving the time of collecting water from the pond for women & reducing the workload for women, Ken Snor, participating farmer of CSA project said.
  2. Windpump user groups in Kampong Chamlong commune mentioned that: wind pump saving household income previously spent on diesel purchase for running pumping machine / motor pump (household expenditure on diesel reduced by 50%).

Gender sensitisation of both women and men in decision-making is important, especially since some of the local men leaders are aware of the fact that women know more than the men about home and village related issues.