Climate vulnerability and impact assessment on cassava production in Kg. cham

Cassava is the second important crop after rice. The number of cassava farmers has increased from year to year, especially in Kampong Cham province, because the farmers consider that cassava is a cash crop to make additional income for their families. However, the market price is up and down depending on the demand from Vietnam.

In cooperation with the Kampong Cham Provincial Department of Agriculture, Mr. YIM Soksophors, climate smart agriculture advisor from the Netherlands Development Organization (SNV) conducted a climate vulnerability and impact assessment on cassava in Andongpok village, Sralab commune from 18 to 21 February 2014.

Cassava planting in Sralab Commune, Thbong Khmum District, Kampong Cham Province

Cassava planting in Sralab Commune, Thbong Khmum District, Kampong Cham Province

The objectives was to assess the vulnerability and climate impact on cassava production in the studied village and to collect adaptation activities carried out the cassava farmers.

Focus group discussion with 10 key informants (5 women) was organized and field observation to the cassava farms was conducted. According to result of the FGD, drought is a main climatic problem affected the cassava production. The associated problems are pest insects and diseases, and the farmers did not have effective solutions for these problems yet. The drought happened in the beginning of the rainy season, which resulted in delay of cassava production. The insect (mealy bug) and the disease called witches broom were just seriously outbreak last year in 2013. Additionally, the farmers also have limited technical capacity in cassava production. Soil preparation, planting methods, variety selection are critical matters observed during the assessment.

Cassava stem affected by the witches broom disease.

Cassava stem affected by the witches broom disease.

Only CIAT is working in the studied village.
Training just provided to farmers in the late season, so they have not yet applied the practices they have learned.
Based on the result of the assessment, it is recommended to raise awareness for farmers on climate change so that the farmers will have basic knowledge of climate change especially the climate change impact on their cassava production. Capacity building on resilient cassava production should be provided the farmers especially the appropriate planting techniques, soil improvement, pest and disease management, etc. The importance is to increase their adaptive capacity in cassava production. Field days should also be organized by inviting other cassava farmers to participate in the event so that learning is wider spread in the village / community.🙂

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