Yim Sok Sophors was conducting a field mission to Siem Reap, Banteay Meanchey, Kampong Thom and Kampong Cham Province with the national project formulation team from 21 to 25 August 2012. The purpose was to identify potential sites for the climate change and watershed project that will be submitted to the project funding agency.

Representatives from different government line ministries/departments also participated in the visit. In addition, District Governors or Commune Councillors accompanied on the field visit in each visited site.

Agricultural land, water reservoirs, irrigation canals, lakes was visited, and local villagers / farmers, village chief were also interviewed for gathering data / information.

Varin District, Siem Reap Province © Yim Soksophors

These are the summary findings from the visited sites:

  1. Drought was a main problem for agricultural production especially rice production, only one crop per year in the rainy season.
  2. A limited understanding about climate resilient agricultural practices – no good resilient crop varieties that tolerant to drought and flood etc.
  3. Climatic data / information was not sufficient
  4. Poor design of the irrigation structure in terms of quality and technical design
  5. Lack of rainwater was not really the problem but the problem was the local capacity to manage water
  6. The number of migrant workers will be more increased if agricultural production does not provide a good yield
  7. Increased in number of (slash) land for planting cassava while the natural forest was being cleared.
  8. The limited amount of the underground water & lacked of clean drinking water was still an issue to be considered
  9. Some natural streams were dry in the dry season resulted in reduction of natural fishes – natural fish conservation activity was very limited.
  10. Local authorities (such as district governor, commune Councillors, and other relevant stakeholders) were active in hosting the visit and they actually would like to get the project implementation in their communities)
  11. Good participation and cooperation from farmers
  12. Good opportunities to create alternative livelihood options from bamboo – there were plenty of bamboo in some visited sites,