Drought is now longer than the previous time and unpredictable rain happens that is difficult for farmers to prepare for rice cultivation. Sometimes, there are too much rains at once, but later no more rains. Temperature is rising which strongly affect to human and animal health as well as other natural biodiversity. Pest infestation and disease is becoming a key challenge especially for rural poor. Low agricultural productivity and inflation/food price rising is another cause to make difficulty for producer and consumer to sell their product and better access to good quality food. The poor, including the rural poor and urban poor, are not able to make sufficient income for daily food consumption. Especially in the dry season, most of the people in rural areas need to find more work outsider their village in order to make additional income to support the family’s need. Although, their making income is not adequate for daily living cost.
In order to address the problem mentioned above, to increase agricultural production and production is a key measure to cope with food shortage. However, people need appropriate agricultural technique or can be called that “Smart Agricultural Technique” to be used for farming in the context of climate change.
CEDAC is a local non-governmental organization is promoting environmentally friendly agricultural technique since its inception in 1999. Currently, several agricultural techniques can be treated as climate smart agricultural technique/climate resilient agricultural technique, for instance the ecological System of Rice Intensification (SRI), Multi-Purpose Farming (MPF), integrated home gardening, Ecological Chicken Raising (ECR), fish culture in impermeable pond etc. CEDAC is promoting farmers to select and purify local seed especially rice seed as well as to train farmers on soil fertility improvement. Normally, simple techniques are recommended to farmers by using local knowledge and resources.