Field visit on rice cultivation

On 18 August 2010: Since the morning till the evening, Mr. Yim Sok Sophors project coordinator, Mr. Sim Samoeun project director and other 2 FCFs (Farmer Community Facilitators) of the project IFWP-MP (Improving Food Security for Women and Rural Poor in Mondulkiri) went to Koah Nheaek district to visit farmers in order to know the situation of rice cultivation practices especially the practice of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in the project’s target villages. It is recall that IFWP-MP is working on 31 villages across 10 communes in 2 districts (Pichrda and Koah Nheaek districts) of Mondulkiri Province. The project has been implementing by CEDAC under direct grant from European Union (EU) since October 20, 2009 and it will be finished in December 2011. It is to notice that majority of the people in the project’s target villages are Phnong (minority indigenous people).

Generally, I (Yim Sok Sophors) could see that there are enough rains in the villages that are favorable for farmers to cultivate rice. As I mentioned in my previous note last month, the farmers lacked of rain water for rice cultivation that was not able them to transplant rice seedlings on time. But now they have water so that they can do it.

At the present, there are around 3 farmers experimented SRI in this rainy season as it is the first time for farmers. Some farmers do not believe in SRI that is why the project needs to cooperate with some interested farmers to conduct SRI experiment so that the other farmers will be able to see the result. SRI transplanting days were conducted by the project staffs to enable farmers to learn how to practice SRI successfully.  In addition, the project staffs will conduct SRI harvesting day and thematic workshop to share the result and prepare action plan for next experiment.

During the field visit, Mr. Sim Samoeun project director of IWMP-MP visited some farmers in the target villages.

  • He explained farmers how to select a healthy seedling for transplanting
  • Mulching with neems and other kinds of tree leaves. In addition, he also discussed with the farmers to use green manure and humus for mulching on the rice field.
  • He explained to the project staffs including community based field assistants (CFAs) to allocate time for helping farmers in transplanting rice otherwise there will be not many farmers apply SRI because it is the first time for them and they are not really confident in this technique. Imperatively, we need to increase the number of SRI farmers in this season and hopefully there will more farmers apply this technique in the next seasons because they experienced a good result from this season. We will have a meeting with all of the project staffs today at the office in Senmonorom Municipality.
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About Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA)

Smallholder Agriculture Specialist / National Consultant for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Cambodia.
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