From 23-27 November 2009 a group of CEDAC M&E team, included Yim Sok Sophors, Meas Somica, Pheng Chandy, Vang Sean, Chhin Chhunhoir, went to Chhouk district, Kompot province in order to conduct the field research on rice value chain in 3 districts (Chumkiri, Dong Tong, and Kompong Trach). The team members had conducted 7 group discussion meeting in the studied villages.

Generally, it was able to find that rice farming families in the studied villages can produce paddy for selling. The amount of paddy sold from the village is gradually increased from year to year according to the improvement of rice farming practices. Additionally, the rice yield in the studied village is around 3 t/ha that is higher than the national average–2.58 t/ha. It is able to know that the farmers have gained their skill in producing more rice yield to meet the family’s consumption and supply for markets after family’s surplus. On the other hand, based on the interview with the representatives of community based rice mills they have understood well about the rice market situation in their districts. They want to expand their roles in supplying rice product in the markets. Currently, some rice cooperatives have been formed under the facilitation and support from CEDAC and Provincial Department of Agriculture (PDA). The cooperatives have tried to mobilize resources so that they can have enough capital to invest in rice business.

Particularly, it is able to know that most of rice farming families conduct dry season rice production in the districts close to Vietnam Border. Huge amount of external agricultural inputs are used. However the farmers are still able to make profit meanwhile they can harvest a good result. Even they can make profit from dry season rice production, but they are at high risk because the knowledge of using chemical pesticide and fertilizer is really low. It can damage their health, environmental contamination, etc. The selling price of paddy is determined by Vietnamese traders, the farmers have no any bargaining power to fix the selling price of their product. At the present time, it is able to observe that the farmers have tried to produce more rice for selling. They consume wet season rice and they sell dry season rice because the dry season rice is contained much chemicals that is not good for human health.