Support mission on farmer field school, women producer group, and watershed management committee establishment

From 18 to 29 April 2016, two field missions were conducted. The first mission was conducted to Siem Reap and Kampong Thom provinces, then the second mission to Preah Vihear and Ratanakiri provinces. The objectives of the mission were:

  • To provide technical assistance to the project extension officer to establish women producer group and to discuss LOA with Provincial Department of Women’s Affairs.
  • To discuss with provincial line department of PDoE, PDoA and PDoWR about watershed management committee establishment and to discuss their roles to support the processes of WSMC establishment in Taveng Lue Micro-Watershed.
  • To finalize and facilitate signing of the LOA by PDA
  • To conduct field monitoring / provide individual follow up visit for pilot FFS members

The mission team members had carried out meetings with directors of relevant provincial department to discuss cooperation, group meeting with FFS members and interested farmers who are interested in women producer group, and conducted individual interview with FFS members about what they have learned from the pilot FFS and challenges in applying new ideas. In Lvea Krang commune, a meeting with commune extension officer (CEW) of the ADB project was organized to get the detail of revolving fund group management as well as another meeting with deputy chief to report the project progress and action plans for coming months. In Popok commune, the mission team members also participated in the tenth FFS session facilitated by PDA-Kampong Thom and the project extension officer.

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Farmer field school training in Anlong Kranh village, Popok commune, Stoung district, Kampong Thom province.

The formation of women producer group has been progressive in four target communes. In Popok and Kulen Chheung, the discussion on group structure as well as roles and responsibilities of executive committee is going on. In Popok, the potential group leaders already identified with participation of group members. The next meeting will focus on selection of executive committee through voting and democratic process. In Kulen Cheung, members of executive committee already selected. The following meeting will concentrate on tasks and responsibilities of executive members and members. The initial step of producer group formation has been began in Lvea Krang and Taveng Leu. With technical assistance of Gender and Livelihood Specialist, the mobilisation meetings were conducted. In Lvea Krang, Siem Reap, meeting with three existing groups (revolving fund for small scale livelihoods) supported by ADB Tonle Sap project and interesting members of farmer field school.

In all 4 provinces, the meeting with director and technical officials of provincial department of women’s affairs conducted to discuss LOA technical contents and budget. The director of each department were welcoming our team and looking forward for more collaboration. The discussion enabled partner to get more understanding of Letter of Agreement (LOA), especially their roles and duties, and how they work together as partners with the project team and other relevant departments to implement the project successfully. Building up human resource is a mandate of the department, however the resource to do so is very limited. Thus, it was suggested to the project to consider allowing technical officials who may not work directly with the project to attend any capacity building training organised and supported by the project.

Through the individual interview, majority of the FFS members understand well lessons that they have learned from the pilot FFS, but shortage of water was the big challenge for them to grow vegetables in this season. Therefore, they delayed the vegetable growing until beginning of the rainy season. Through the meeting with the provincial department directors, they are happy to cooperate with the project. It was requested to get LOA contents translated into Khmer. This would help technical officials as well as director of department who are the main implementer to get familiar with deliverable outputs, key activities, time frame, work plan and budget. WSMC’s establishment will be very important for commune watershed management to coordinate and facilitate the implementation process. The WSMC will play also very important roles too to integrate watershed issues into commune investment and commune development plan.

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Improved chicken rearing for indigenous farmers using farmer field school (FFS) approach

Taveng Leu commune is about 60 km northeast of Banlung provincial town of Ratanakiri province. The road from Banlung to Taveng Leu commune is difficult especially in the rainy season. More than 80% of the total population in the commune is indigenous people (Prov). Agriculture and non-timber forest products are their main sources of food and incomes. Livestock is also another source of livelihoods. Life and Nature project has 4 target villages in the commune. Few Non-Governmental Organizations currently working in the commune, such as Save Cambodia Wildlife (SCW), PLAN International etc.
The Ministry of Environment is the main counterpart of FAO in the implementation of the Life and Nature project in close partnership with aligning institutions to include Ministries of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries – General Directorate of Agriculture and Forestry Administration; Woman’s Affairs; Rural Development; Water Resources and Meteorology, etc. The objective of the project is to build adaptive capacity of rural communities and reduce their vulnerability to Climate Change through micro watershed management and climate resilient agriculture practices to ensure food security. The project’s on-the-ground efforts will take place within four locations: Lvea Krang commune, Varin District, Siem Reap Province; PoPok Commune, Stoung District, Kampong Thom Province; Ta Veaeng Leu Commune, Ta Veaeng District, Ratanak Kiri Province; and, Kulen Chheung Commune, Kulen District, Preah Vihear Province in four commune micro watersheds that cover a total area of 59455 hectares and has a population of ~9793.

Life and Nature project conducted a climate change vulnerability and impact assessment (VIA) to assess vulnerability and adaptation measures of the community. Capacity building on chicken rearing was raised by the interviewed respondents during the VIA. Chicken raising is commonly applied by the people in the commune, but the result was not so good. No proper care and regular feeding provided, and chicken frequently eaten by other wildlife. Some chickens died when the indigenous farmers cross the Sesan River from the village center to Chamkar. By this reason, Life and Nature project cooperated with the Provincial Department of Agriculture (PDA-Ratanakiri) to implement a pilot FFS. Mr. Bunsong, technical official from PDA was the trainer and Mr. Leang Sambath, project extension officer acted as the FFS facilitator. An officer from the district office of agriculture (DOA) also assisted in implementing the FFS. In total, 12 young farmers attended the FFS, from February to April 2016. Eight training sessions organized on breed selection, caring of chicks and chicken, preparation of chicken house, chicken pen/biosafety fence, mobile cage, feeding, vaccination, etc.

The farmers have improved their chicken rearing techniques after attending the farmer field school such as confine big and small chickens separately, provide mixed feed to chicken, get vaccination for their chicken, provide clean water, etc. all of these practices were not applied before the FFS. Detail of changes are elaborated below:

1) Separate small and big chickens: Big chicken normally bit small chickens when feed is provided in the same place. Small chicken cannot eat or having enough feed if they eat together with the big chicken. Making cages to separate the big and small chickens are prepared by the indigenous farmers after they received the training from the project. Currently, they see good growth of the chickens. Mixed feed and clean water are provided regularly – this enables the chickens to grow faster.

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Chicken cage

2) Building biosafety fence and mobile cage: traditionally, they allowed chickens to go anywhere for their food. Now, the farmers make chicken pen or biosafety fence to confine their chicken, the purpose is to prevent chickens from infectious diseases. Photo below shows the chicken house and fence being constructed.

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Chicken house – to be completed

_DSC2008Wild bamboo is available in the community, so the farmers don’t need to spend for the bamboo to make chicken cage, fence, etc. However, the indigenous community needs to make sure that this resource is sustainable for long term use.  In addition, the farmers also build mobile cage to transport their chickens from village center to Chamkar. In Taveng Leu commune, the farmers live in two different places, at the village center during the dry season and in Chamkar during the rainy season. They also move all livestock / poultry together with them from place to place. From village to Chamkar, they need to cross Sesan River, they were difficult to manage a good transport of their chickens while crossing the river. PDA trained them to prepare mobile cage to keep their chickens inside when crossing the river to Chamkar.

3) Mixed feed / feeding: It is different from what they had done before. Now, they prepare feed container from bamboo, and provide mixed and nutritious feed for their chickens. Some farmers used feed from the factory to feed the chicks, the idea is to faster the growth of the chicks when they were young. Actually, it is important for the farmers to be able to make mixed feed by themselves so that they don’t need pay money for buying feed from markets. There are some local feed available in their community such as termite, young leaves of the cassava, etc._DSC1862

4) Building capacity of the village animal health workers: 2 out of 12 FFS members are village animal health workers. It was good for them to refresh what they have learned before through attending the pilot FFS. Additionally, the PDA director will invite them to join another one-month training to be organized by PDA.

Challenges in implementing the FFS

  • We need to further improve the implementation of the FFS approach – this mainly focus on the sharing of knowledge and experience among farmers as well as the field practices that enable the farmers to learn effectively. Class lecturing need to reduced.
  • Definitely, FFS does not need much external incentive support such as materials/equipment needed for the preparation of chicken pens, chicken cage, mobile cage, etc. however, if the project also have this support, all of these materials need to be procured and delivered quickly to the farmers. This enables the farmers to apply the techniques that they have learned very well, and they may be able to see results.
  • Concept of climate change to be integrated into the training curriculum. Some brief about the climate change concept provided by the project extension officer, but not much detail. There should a session on climate change integrated into the training sessions.
  • FFS group leaders should be selected. The group need to be well-organized and structured for the future development.

Lessons learned

  • Organization of the exchange visit to learn from experienced farmers is a good method to motivate farmers to apply new techniques
  • Selection of young farmers – they have high motivation and commitment compared to the old farmers. The young indigenous farmers also can speak Khmer better than the old farmers.
  • Demonstration and regular follow up visit is the key to support farmers to apply new ideas. Trainer and extension officer provided good demonstration to farmers in applying new techniques.
  • Making friend and close relationship with farmers with the key to gain confidence and participation from the farmers. In the indigenous community, women’s participation is limited if trust and confidence is not building up.
  • Training curriculum need to be well-prepared from the beginning of the FFS, training materials should be ready before the training organized. Visual tools like picture, video clip are useful tool for the training while majority of the participants are illiterate.
  • The project extension officer together with FFS trainer should use the FFS record book. Using the record book would enable them to record what happening in each training sessions, and other information related to the follow up visit and advice, incentive support, problems encountered and proposed solution as well as success of FFS compared to its objectives and expected results.

Next actions

  • Provide technical follow up support to the FFS members to help them improving the chicken rearing and provide solution if any problem happened.
  • For the next season, the farmers are interested in FFS on rice, vegetables. Pig and fish raising were also raised by the farmers, but these practices are only suitable for some specific location in the commune.
  • As the project has another component on alternative livelihood, the strengthening and building up on the existing FFS would help.
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Field visit and FFS graduation in Ratanakiri province

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO-UN) in cooperation with the Ministry of Environment (MOE) currently implementing a five-year GEF-funded project, called Life and Nature. The project aims to improve livelihood and food security of the people living in micro watersheds across four provinces (Ratanakiri, Preah Vihear, Kampong Thom, and Siem Reap). The project has 5 important components: 1) climate change adaptation mainstreamed into policies / development plans at national and sub-national level, 2) micro watershed management, 3) climate smart agriculture, 4) gender and alternative livelihood, and 5) monitoring and evaluation.

Under the agriculture component, the Life and Nature project has piloted farmer field schools (FFS) in the four target provinces. Family chicken rearing is the need of the community people, and they requested to have capacity building on this technique. From February – March 2016, the project in cooperation with the Ratanakiri provincial department of agriculture had implemented the pilot FFS on chicken rearing for 12 farmers from 2 villages (Pangket and Rieng Vinh).  It is to note that family chicken rearing was selected by the community members for the pilot FFS in Ratanakiri, while vegetable cultivation chose for other 3 FFS in Siem Reap, Kampong Thom, and Preah Vihear.

Indigenous farmer prepared chicken cage and chicken pen after trained by the PDA staff

Indigenous farmer prepared chicken cage and chicken pen after trained by the PDA staff, Taveng Leu commune, Ratanakiri province 

The pilot FFS conducted by the project aimed to strengthen knowledge and capacity of the indigenous people to increase productivity of chicken rearing. The facilitator and trainers were from the project’s extension officer and PDA officials (PDA staff was the trainer and one staff from district agriculture office was the trainer assistant.  8 training sessions were organized on the regular basis, covered different topics: chicken breed selection, building chicken pen and mobile cage, chick hatching, feeding, caring for chicks and chickens, disease prevention and treatment, etc. In the beginning, on exposure visit was organized for the twelve FFS members to visit and learn from experienced farmers in Lumphat district.

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Process of running the pilot FFS

Through the implementation of this pilot FFS, the farmers have learned how to build mobile cage for transporting their chickens from village center to Chamkar. Normally, the indigenous people stay several months in the village center and then move to their farming land/Chamkar for the whole rainy season. Chickens are also brought together with them when they move from one place to another place. Based on the agricultural rapid assessment conducted by the project extension officer, chicken rearing is commonly practiced by indigenous farmers in the commune, but high mortality rate due to disease infection and application of inappropriate rearing practices were found as the key problems. Additionally, some chicken lost while crossing the Sesan River from village center to Chamkar.

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Distribution of nylon net for farmer field school members to prepare chicken pen, Taveng Leu commune, Ratanakiri province 

From 31 March to 4 April 2016, Mr. Yim Soksophors, national agronomist of the FAO’s Life and Nature project conducted a field mission to Ratankiri province together with Dr. Stacy Crevello, project team leaders /Chief Technical Advisor and Mr. Iean Russel, FAO international consultant. The objectives were 1) to get Letter of Agreement between the project and PDA signed, 2) to visit farming areas of the indigenous farmers, especially those who attended the pilot FFS, 3) to visit upstream of the Taveng Leu watershed, and 4) to attend the final session of the pilot FFS.

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Forest clearing for cashew nut planting, Taveng Leu commune, Ratanakiri province 

Findings from the visit would be very useful for the project to design specific interventions to respond priority need and problems encountered by the community people in the target areas. This pilot FFS is just the first start, more farmer field schools on different crops (rice, cashew, vegetable…) will be organized based on the need of the community people in cooperation with the Provincial Department of Agriculture (PDA). Agreement between Life and Nature project and PDA-Ratanakiri is expected to be ready from the beginning of April 2016.

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TOT training on watershed management

Under GEF-funded Life and Nature project, FAO-UN in cooperation with the Ministry of Environment (MOE) organized a three-day TOT training on watershed management in Empress Hotel, Siem Reap province from 22-24 March 2016 for 43 participants (9 women), including the representatives from government line department and project team members.

TOT training on watershed management in Siem Reap,

TOT training on watershed management in Siem Reap,

Mr. Kim Nong, national project director and deputy director general of MOE presided over the opening session. He strongly encouraged the participants to link concept what they have learned from the training to real practice they will do in the field. Mr. Min Bunnara, watershed management expert and was also the trainer of this training facilitated and managed the whole training process. Following the opening speech, the trainer briefly described rational background, objectives, expected outputs, key training topics, as well as expectation of the training for all participants, then self-introduction conducted, followed by setting up of the ground rule.

Participatory and adult learning methods applied, which provided room for the participants to learn and share their knowledge and experience with each other. Training methods such as presentation, group work and presentation, plenary discussion, video clip presentation, question and answer forum used in the training. Watershed management issues in the lower Mekong Basin countries were raised as examples to give big pictures of the watershed issues in the region. Additionally, ice breaker games were also used to generate effective learning environment and active participation from the participants.

The training covered different topics such as watershed definition, watershed function, watershed concept and principles, policies, watershed elements, water cycle, climate change concept, gender integration into watershed, agriculture and watershed, upstream-downstream transboundary issues, participation and key stakeholders in the watershed, watershed issue, and watershed planning. National agronomist, gender and livelihood expert, and M&E expert facilitated 3 training sessions on climate change, integration of gender in the watershed management and key stakeholder involvement in the watershed.

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Participants from different government line departments attended the training 

By the end of the training, based on the result of the training evaluation and impression of the participants, it is able to conclude that the training is very useful for the participants to understand the training topics. Process and step of establishing the watershed management committee as well as involvement of key stakeholders in the watershed clearly discussed during the training. This would enable them to disseminate what they have learned to other colleagues and beneficiaries in the project’s target areas. The participants raised that all training topics are much relevant to their work, this would enable them to bring lessons learned into real practice in the field. The training concluded by Dr. Stacy Crevello with the closing remarking and delivering of the training certificates to all participants in the happy environment.

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Vegetable Farmer Field Schools in Siem Reap, Preah Vihear, and Kampong Thom

15-18 February 2016: Sophors (national agronomist) together with 2 other project team members, Iean Russel (international consultant) and Joaquin Barata (intern student) conducted a field mission to the three provinces mentioned above. Objectives of the mission were: 1) To discuss cooperation between the Life and Nature project with directors of the Provincial Department of Agriculture (PDA) in Siem Reap, Preah Vihear, and Kampong Thom, and 2) To organize first training session for the pilot FFS in Siem Reap and Kampong Thom provinces.

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Members of the farmer field school on vegetables in Lvea Krang commune, Varin district, Siem Reap province.

Pilot Farmer Field School (FFS) is one among other activities firstly started by the Life and Nature project in its target areas. It is to note that the FFS will be implemented in cooperation between the project and Provincial Department of Agriculture (PDA)/District Office of Agriculture (DOA). During the field mission, the mission team met PDA Siem Reap and Preah Vihear to discuss this cooperation. PDA-Siem Reap and Preah Vihear have gained more understanding of the project and they are happy to cooperate with the project. PDA agreed to assign their staff at provincial and district level to jointly implement the farmer field schools. The mission team discussed payment guideline (daily subsistence allowance, accommodation, transport) with the PDAs and in general they are okay with the guideline.

Besides, the meetings with PDA, the mission team organized 3 training sessions for the pilot FFS in Siem Reap, Preah Vihear, and Kampong Thom provinces. Majority of participants were women. The number of men was much lower than women. The reason was that the men might be busy with cassava harvesting on their farms that is why they could not attend the FFS training. In Siem Reap, the participants seemed more active if compared to other provinces. Most of them are women, young and involved in growing vegetables. This is good potential to form them into vegetable producer groups for the collective selling activity. Training materials/equipment such as whiteboard, tarpaulin lining is needed for improving the training venues. Facilitator or trainer will be easier to facilitate the training if they have whiteboard to draw or write something during the training. Tarpaulin lining can be used for the participants to sit on it.

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Mustard planted by a woman farmer who is the FFS member.

During the field visit, water shortage was the common issue faced by the farmers during this period of time. Therefore, improving water storage and supply system is much needed to improve vegetable production, especially for the commercial purpose. It is also aligned with the suggestion/recommendation from the PDA. “Small scale water reservoirs should be considered and it should respond real need of the farmers” PDA director of Preah Vihear said. Pest insects was another issue affecting vegetable production and capacity of the farmers to cope with this problem was still limited. To solve this problem, they need more technical support from specialized agencies such as the project, PDA or GDA, etc.

In general, it is concluded that the mission was achieved as planned. The project counterparts/PDAs get clear information about the project, especially their roles / engagement in the project implementation. The FFS members have gained more technical understanding of climate change concept. Some of them are able to transfer what they have learned to their family members and neighbouring families in their communities.

Recommendation 

Various recommendations for improvement are listed below and persons responsible for specific tasks are shown in brackets where relevant.

Selection of FFS Participants

  • Each of the Extension Officers was able to recruit a suitable number of participants for the training. Some have current vegetable growing activity but some want to start up the activity.  Those who are currently engaged in vegetable growing are much more useful in the FFS then those who have no experience or demonstrated motivation to grow vegetables.  The trainers should not be concerned if some participants drop out of the school when they learn that there is no plan for free materials to be distributed to members.
  • Under no circumstances should farmers be paid to attend the sessions.
  • Selection criteria to be recorded and shared with other team members

FFS Record Keeping

  • FFS Record books should be created for immediate use. These records are critical for project M&E and for the group to develop their own planning and learning capabilities.
  • Participant evaluation of the sessions must be conducted on a regular basis and recorded
  • Gender disaggregated attendance figures and data on practice change and land areas affected must also be recorded.

FFS Training and Budget

  • Some visual tools and training materials should be developed for the training to increase interest and understanding and to share the information more widely. Video display might be good for the farmers to understand some key concepts related to climate change, for example greenhouse gas emission, increase of sea water level and intrusion of salinity. The climate change materials delivered by Sophors are very useful as an introductory module for our project work and should be converted to a PowerPoint presentation for wider dissemination and for use in training (Sophors). These materials can be expanded with audio-visual materials.
  • Better equipment in the form of portable speakers and larger screens are required for showing audio-visual materials in a FFS setting but this is feasible and would be very effective.
  • Notebooks should be provided to all the FFS members, so they can take notes or make drawings of the key training topics for their learning purposes.
  • White boards, pin boards and other equipment is required to improve training effectiveness. These are investments that will serve many purposes over the life of the project (subject to approval of expenditure).
  • Handouts of the key points of training should be prepared and delivered to the FFS members during the training. Handouts should also be used to allow participants to have a record of essential information without wasting time copying information during the sessions.
  • FFS members should be encouraged to help in venue arrangement such as cleaning the venue, preparing refreshments and ensuring that members arrive on time. This is to increase their participation, commitment and feeling of ownership of the FFS. It is important to ask the farmers to elect farmer leaders for the school (Provincial Extension Officers) and we should provide them with a phone card so the job is not a personal cost to them (subject to approval of expenditure).

 

Field Visits and Improvements

  • Any problems identified during field visits should be followed up immediately by the team and farmers helped with practical solutions. This is critical to establish a good reputation for competent technical abilities. The team should practice use of web resources for identification of pests and researching information and develop a menu of web resources that help us to be more effective in delivering good advice to farmers.  This is a work habit that we can teach the PDA and GDA partners to increase their effectiveness in the delivery of remote assistance for FFS.
  • Visiting the water sources is needed to understand the scope for improvement. The project might support something to ensure that the water can be easily collected or any activities to support rainwater harvesting. The project can initially carry out small interventions for small scale improvement of the water supply that will be helpful for the farmers.
  • Improvements should be accompanied by scientific testing of soil and water quality to ensure that good quality advice is given to farmers and project investments are based on sound agronomy and water management.
  • Provision of inputs to FFS participants should be minimal to ensure that the participants are motivated by genuine interest and involvement in farming not in search of free materials.

Demonstration Farms and Visibility

  • Farms should be selected and planning of improvements to commence in readiness for the FFS .
  • The demonstration farms need commitment on the part of the selected farm family not simply a wish to obtain free materials.
  • Demonstration farms should be close to the FFS but are not the main focus of the school. They are an additional resource.  The purpose of the FFS is to encourage improvements by all of the farmer participants on their own farms.
  • Project sign boards should be put in place at the training venues and at the commune hall to increase community awareness of the project and to ensure visitors are aware that the project is working in the target sites.
  • The news article on commencement of the FFS prepared by Joaquin should be translated into Khmer and printed in colour for distribution to stakeholders at Ministry, provincial level and to communities so as to increase visibility, maintain routine information flow and generate interest in project activities.

Training of Facilitators

  • The pilot FFS serve as opportunities for staff training. Routine debriefing and sharing of information with Extension Officers is required, in addition to some formal training.  The sessions are to serve as training for the District Officers and project staff are responsible for ensuring that a process of continuous improvement is implemented in the FFS.
  • Regular communication with provincial staff and occasional visits from GDA staff will ensure that lessons learned are incorporated into MAFF procedures and that the project follows MAFF guidelines for extension work.
Posted in Agriculture, Climate Change and Watershed, Climate smart agriculture (CSA), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Life and Nature project | Leave a comment

ការប្រជុំផ្ទៀងផ្ទាត់របកគំហើញពីការប៉ានប្រមាណភាពងាយរងគ្រោះនិងផលប៉ះពាល់ពីការប្រែប្រួលអាកាសធាតុនៅឃុំតាវែងលើ ស្រុកតាវែង ខេត្តរតនគិរី

នៅថ្ងៃទី ២៦ -២៧ ខែមករា ឆ្នំា២០១៦ គម្រោងជីវិតនិងធម្មជាតិ បានរៀបចំប្រជុំផ្ទៀតផ្ទាត់លទ្ធផលស្តីពីការប៉ានប្រមាណភាពងាយរងគ្រោះនិងផលប៉ះពាល់ពីការប្រែប្រួលអាកាសធាតុ (VIA) នៅសាលប្រជុំមន្ទីរបរិស្ថានខេត្តរតនគិរី។​ ការប្រជុំប្រព្រឹត្តិទៅរយៈពេល ១ ថ្ងៃកន្លះ ដោយមានការចូលរួមពីតំណាងសហគមន៍ពីឃុំតាវែងលើ មេឃុំ ជំទប់ឃុំ តំណាងមកពីមន្ទីរបរិស្ថាន ស្រុក ខេត្ត មន្ត្រីមកពីឩទ្យានជាតិវិរៈជ័យ តំណាងមន្ទីរធនធានទឹក កិច្ចការនារី កសិកម្ម និងតំណាងរបស់អង្គការ Save Cambodia’s Wildlife (SCW)។​

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Validation workshop with stakeholders in Provincial Department of Environment, Ratanakiri province

ការបង្ហាញពីគម្រោងស្តីពីរបកគំហើញពី VIA ត្រូវបានបង្ហាញដល់អ្នកចូលរួម ទាក់ទងនឹងផ្នែកកសិកម្ម ទីជម្រាល យេនឌ័រនិងជម្រើសមុខរបរចិញ្ចឹមជីវិត។ នៅក្រោយពីការបង្ហាញនីមួយៗ ពេលវេលាត្រូវទុកសម្រាប់ការចោទសួរ ក៏ដូចជាការពិភាក្សាបន្ថែមលើរបកគំហើញ។ នៅថ្ងៃទី ១ ដដែល ការបង្ហាញនិងពិភាក្សាពីផែនការសកម្មភាពពង្រាង ក៏ត្រូវបានធ្វើឡើងផងដែរ។ អ្នកចូលរួមត្រូវបានបែងចែកជា ៣ ក្រុម ពិភាក្សាពីផ្នែក កសិកម្ម យេនឌ័រនិងមុខរបរចិញ្ចឹមជីវិត និងផ្នែកទីជម្រាល។​ សកម្មភាពបន្ថែមមួយចំនួនត្រូវបានស្នើឡើងអោយដាក់បន្ថែមនៅក្នុងផែនការពង្រាង ដែលជាហេតុធ្វើអោយផែនការពង្រាងនេះកាន់តែមានភាពលម្អិត និងច្បាស់លាស់។

នៅព្រឹកថ្ងៃទី ២ នៃកិច្ចប្រជុំ ការពិភាក្សាពីសកម្មភាពដែលមន្ទីរពាក់ព័ន្ធនីមួយៗបាននិងកំពុងអនុវត្តឆ្លើយតបនឹងការប្រែប្រួលអាកាសធាតុនិងការកែលម្អជីវភាពរស់នៅរបស់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋនៅតាមសហគមន៍ ចំណុចខ្លំាំង ការពង្រឹងសមត្ថភាពបន្ថែម ក៏ដូចជាការប្រឈមនិងដំណោះស្រាយកន្លងមកត្រូវបានធ្វើឡើង ដោយមានការបែងចែកជាក្រុមទៅតាមមន្ទីរនីមួយៗ។ អង្គការ SCW ក៏បានចូលរួមនៅក្នងការពិភាក្សានេះដែរ។​

_DSC9162

Group representative presenting result of the small group discussion, Ratanakiri province 

ជាការសន្និដ្ឋានចំពោះកិច្ចប្រជុំនេះ អ្នកចូលរួមទាំងអស់មានការចូលរួមយ៉ាងសកម្ម ក្នុងការផ្តល់យោបល់កែលម្អចំពោះរបកគំហើញពី VIA និងផែនការសកម្មភាពពង្រាងរបស់គម្រោង។ បន្ថែមពីនេះ ចំណុចខ្លាំង ចំណុចខ្សោយ ការពង្រឹងសមត្ថភាពដែលត្រូវការបន្ថែម និងការប្រឈមផ្សេងៗរបស់មន្ទីរនីមួយៗត្រូវបានកំណត់ ដែលជាព័ត៌មានសម្រាប់គម្រោងត្រូវយកចិត្តទុកដាក់ និងអនុវត្តអោយមានប្រសិទ្ធិភាព។

Posted in Climate change, Climate Change Adaptation, Climate Change and Watershed, Climate smart agriculture (CSA), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Gender and climate change | Leave a comment

Validation meeting on findings of Climate Vulnerability Impact Assessment

11-15 January 2016: It is to recall that Life and Nature project conducted the Vulnerability Impact Assessment (VIA) in the four target watersheds in September – October 2015. Based on the VIA findings, the project team compiled findings as well as developed Plan of Action for validation meetings with stakeholders in each target province. Representatives from Provincial Department of Environment, Agriculture, Women’s Affairs, and Water Resources as well as commune chief, commune councilors and community representatives participated in the validation meeting. The VIA findings and proposed Plan of Action covered different aspects of the Life and Nature project including watershed, agriculture, gender and alternative livelihood options.

Validation meeting in Preah Vihear © Sophors

Validation meeting in Preah Vihear © Sophors

Participatory methodologies were used such as plenary presentation and discussion, small group discussion, question and answer forum were conducted. Time was adequately allocated for feedback and discussion. In general, presentation on the VIA findings and Plan of Action were firstly conducted in the day 1, followed by the capacity assessment of the government counterpart in day 2. In addition, field visits were conducted in Porpok and Taveaeng Leu communes in order to gain more understanding of the project’s sites.

Validation meeting in Kampong Thom

Validation meeting in Kampong Thom

The mission finished as planned with fruitful result. The participants found one and half day discussion is relevant to their work and the discussion enables them to have a better understanding of what community suggested as solutions as well as project plan of action that is driven by community participation. Current activities, strength, weakness and capacity need of each relevant departments were assessed. This would be useful for the Life and Nature project to design intervention both technical and financial support that enables the line departments to implement the project effectively.

Posted in Agriculture, Climate change, Climate Change Adaptation, Climate Change and Watershed, Climate smart agriculture (CSA), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Gender and climate change, Life and Nature project | Leave a comment